Kenya Society of Physiotherapists Uncategorized Improving Your Balance – Essential Tips

Improving Your Balance – Essential Tips

  • Core strengthening exercises can significantly enhance balance and stability, lowering the risk of falls and injuries.
  • Tai Chi, a gentle form of exercise, is particularly beneficial for improving balance in older adults or those with limited mobility.
  • Strengthening the ankles with exercises like ankle circles and calf raises contributes to better balance and stability.
  • Maintaining proper posture by aligning the body’s key points ensures weight is evenly distributed, aiding in balance.

Maintaining good balance is crucial for everyday tasks like walking, running, and even standing still. Poor balance can lead to a higher risk of falls and injuries, especially as we age. Fortunately, there are simple exercises and lifestyle changes you can make to improve your balance. This blog will explore essential tips that can help you enhance your stability and coordination.

Strengthen Your Core Muscles

Your core muscles play a significant role in maintaining balance and stability. They include the muscles in your abdomen, lower back, and pelvis. By strengthening these muscles, you can improve your posture and overall body control. Some core strengthening exercises that can help include the following four:


Planking is a simple yet highly effective exercise for strengthening your core muscles. To perform a plank, start by lying on the floor face down with your forearms supporting your body weight. Keep your elbows bent and directly under your shoulders. Engage your abdominal muscles and lift your body off the ground, balancing on your toes and forearms. Hold this for 30 seconds to a minute, then rest and repeat.

Side Planks

Side planks focus on the muscles on the sides of your core. To perform this exercise, lay on your side. Your legs should be straight and stacked on top of one another. Raise your upper body off the ground using your forearm as support. Keep your elbow under your shoulder and hold this for 30 seconds to a minute, then switch sides and repeat.


Bridge exercises target the muscles in your lower back, glutes, and hamstrings. To perform a bridge, lie on your back with bent knees. Your feet should be flat. Push through your heels and lift your hips off the ground until your body is in a straight line from shoulders to knees. Hold this for 30 seconds to a minute, then rest and repeat.

Bird Dogs

Bird dogs are a full-body exercise that focuses on core stability and coordination. To perform this exercise, start on all fours with your hands directly under the shoulders and knees under the hips. Engage your core muscles and extend an arm in front of you while extending the opposite leg straight back behind you. Hold for a while, then back to the starting position and switch sides. Repeat for 10-12 reps on each side.

Incorporating these exercises into your regular workout routine can make a noticeable difference in how steady you feel on your feet. Make sure to start with proper form and gradually increase the duration or number of reps as your core strength improves. Stronger, more stable core muscles can also improve your posture and prevent common injuries such as lower back pain. Don’t neglect this vital muscle group – work on strengthening your core for a stronger, healthier body overall.

Practice Tai Chi

Tai Chi is a form of low-impact exercise that focuses on slow, controlled movements and breathing techniques. It has been shown to improve balance and reduce the risk of falls, making it an excellent activity for older adults or those with mobility issues. You can look for Tai Chi lessons online that you can do at home. Choose a beginner-friendly program and start slowly to avoid any injuries.

Work on Ankle Strength

Strong ankles are essential for maintaining good balance, as they support the weight of your entire body while standing or moving. Simple exercises like ankle stretches, calf raises, and heel-to-toe walks can help strengthen the muscles surrounding your ankles. You can also use a wobbleboard or balance disc to challenge yourself further and improve ankle stability.

Focus on Proper Posture

Good posture is critical to maintaining balance while standing or moving. Make sure to align your ears, shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles when standing upright or walking. Engaging your core muscles and keeping a neutral spine can help distribute weight evenly throughout your body, reducing the strain on specific joints or muscles that might affect your balance.

Improving your balance and stability requires a holistic approach, including core strengthening, Tai Chi, ankle exercises, and proper posture. Making these practices part of your daily routine can significantly enhance your balance, lower fall risk, and boost your overall physical health. Balance improves with practice, so be patient and consistent in your efforts. Focusing on balance protects your health and improves your quality of life, enabling you to move confidently and freely at any stage of life.

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